Essential Factors for ERP Success in 2024
Craig Skonieczny, president of Friedman Corporation, on best practices for successfully implementing an ERP system
You read that right; ERP implementation is a complex process that requires careful planning and execution.
Key Factors to Ensure a Successful ERP ImplementationHere are some of the key factors that can help ensure a successful ERP implementation:
1. Project strategy: Developing a sound project strategy is essential to understand the project’s processes, requirements and desired outcomes. This information can be used to create actionable steps and allow the project to progress and eventually end successfully.
2. Committed management personnel: While a company’s IT department is responsible for the project’s delivery, management can still offer ample support. Managers can offer input and ensure that all staff members have the resources they need to ensure timely deliveries. Committed management personnel can include both mid-level and senior-level managers who provide consistent feedback.
3. Project scope: The project scope can help narrow a company’s focus. This element of successful ERP implementation can also compensate for some items that you didn’t initially consider in your project strategy. For example, the project scope may include information on how to enhance certain business requirements, like business intelligence and social media presence, in the future.
4. Communication and training: Communication and training are critical to the success of an ERP implementation project. It is essential to communicate the project’s goals, objectives, and timelines to all stakeholders. Training should be provided to all users to ensure that they are comfortable with the new system.
5. Realistic budget: A realistic budget is essential for the success of an ERP implementation project. The budget should include all costs associated with the project, including hardware, software, and personnel costs. It is essential to ensure that the budget is realistic and that all costs are accounted for."
ERP Implementation MethodologiesThere are different types of ERP implementation methodologies, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. Some of the common ones are:
1. Big bang: This approach involves deploying the entire ERP system at once, after a period of preparation and testing. The advantage of this method is that it minimizes the complexity and duration of the project and ensures consistency across the organization.
The disadvantage is that it poses a high risk of disruption and errors and requires a lot of training and change management. This method is suitable for small and simple organizations that have a clear and stable vision of their business processes and requirements—and can afford to invest a large amount of time and money upfront.
2. Phased: This approach involves deploying the ERP system in stages, based on functional areas, modules or locations. The advantage of this method is that it reduces the risk and impact of the project and allows for feedback and improvement along the way.
The disadvantage is that it increases the complexity and duration of the project and may create compatibility and integration issues. This method is suitable for large and complex organizations that have diverse and dynamic business processes and requirements—and need to balance the costs and benefits of the project over time.
3. Parallel: This approach involves running the new ERP system alongside the existing legacy system, until the new system is fully tested and ready to replace the old one. The advantage of this method is that it ensures a smooth transition and minimizes the risk of data loss and operational issues.
The disadvantage is that it requires a lot of resources and maintenance and may cause confusion and duplication of work. This method is suitable for organizations that have critical and sensitive business processes and data and cannot afford to compromise the quality and continuity of their operations.
The choice of the best ERP implementation methodology depends on various factors, such as the size and complexity of the organization, the scope and objectives of the project, the availability of resources and budget, and the level of readiness and resistance to change. Therefore, it is important to conduct a thorough analysis and evaluation of the current and desired state of the business to select the most suitable and feasible option.
ERP Implementation Best PracticesTo ensure a successful ERP implementation, regardless of the methodology, some key steps and best practices include:
1. Establish a clear vision and strategy for the project and align it with the business goals and priorities.
2. Form a dedicated and cross-functional project team and assign clear roles and responsibilities.
3. Define the detailed requirements and specifications of the ERP system and select a vendor and solution that match them.
4. Plan and execute a comprehensive data migration, conversion and validation process, and ensure data quality and integrity.
5. Design and configure the ERP system to support the business processes and workflows, and customize it as needed.
6. Conduct rigorous testing and quality assurance of the system and fix any bugs or issues.
7. Provide adequate training, support to the end users, and communicate the benefits and expectations of the system.
8. Monitor and evaluate the performance and outcomes of the system and adjust and improve as necessary.
An ERP implementation is a complex and challenging project, but it can also bring significant benefits and value to the organization, such as increased efficiency, productivity, visibility and profitability. By following a systematic and structured methodology and applying the best practices, organizations can maximize the chances of success and minimize the risks of failure.
About the author
Craig Skonieczny is president of Friedman Corporation, a global provider of enterprise-wide software for discrete, “to-order” manufacturers.
See more by Craig Skonieczny